The unequal distribution of access to education and transport: insights from the São Paulo Metropolitan Region

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Resumo/Abstract: 

In many large Latin American urban areas such as the São Paulo Metropolitan Region (SPMR), growing social and economic inequalities are embedded through high spatial inequality in the provision of education and transport systems. This paper sheds light on the transport-education inequality nexus with reference to a new school accessibility measure applied to the SPMR. Our index combines information on the spatial distribution of adolescents, the location of existing schools, and the travel infrastructure serving the school catchment area into a single measure. The index is used to measure school accessibility locally across 633 areas within the SPMR. We use the index to simulate the impact of a policy aiming at increasing the centralization of public secondary education provision, and find that it negatively affects students with the lowest levels of accessibility. These results illustrate how existing inequalities are amplified by variable accessibility to schools across income groups and geographical space.

Ano de Conclusão/Year of Conclusion: 
Em andamento/In Progress
Co-pesquisadores associados/Co-Associated Researchers: 
<p><span>Ana I. Moreno-Monroy; Robin Lovelace</span></p>
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